The given statements which summarise the process of digestion are not given in a correct sequence. Arrange them in sequence and select the correct option.
P. Absorption of water
Q. Churning of food and addition of digestive juices
R. Mixing with saliva
S. Complete digestion of food and absorption of nutrients
T. Expulsion of faeces
A R → Q → S → P → T
B R → S → Q → P → T
C R → Q → P → S → T
D R → P → Q → S → T
Ans 2: (Master Answer)
The correct answer is A.
When food is taken in the mouth, it is chewed and gets mixed with saliva secreted in the mouth (R). Once swallowed, the food moves through the oesophagus into the stomach where churning and digestion of food with digestive juices occurs (Q). The semi-digested food then moves into the small intestine where complete digestion as well as absorption of nutrients occur (S). From the undigested food, the water is absorbed in the large intestine (P). After this, the undigested food is expelled through the anus in the form of faeces (T).
In a research, it is proved that in old age one should take more quantity of proteins in diet than any other group of food. Which of the following justifies this?
A Proteins help to repair and build muscles. In old age, muscle growth increases, hence protein intake should be more.
B Proteins help to repair and build muscles. In old age, muscles become weak, hence protein intake should be more.
C Proteins give energy to the body. In old age, the body needs more energy to work, hence protein intake should be more.
D Proteins give energy to the body. In old age, the body uses stored fat hence, protein intake should be more.
A student investigates erosion using four kinds of equal amount of earth materials: top soil, clay, sand and soil planted with grass. Equal amounts of water is allowed to flow from the surface of each type of earth material. The water is then separated out from the earth material with the help of a filter. The given figure shows the amounts of earth material that are collected. The results of this investigation best support which conclusion?
ATop soil is easily eroded.
BSand has a smooth texture.
CWater travels fastest through soil planted with grass.
DWater drains most quickly through clay.
Can you please explain.
Which of the following statements about the given experimental set-up is/are incorrect?
I. It is used to separate a mixture of two or more miscible liquids for which the difference in boiling points is more than 25 K.
II. It is used for the separation of different gases from air.
III. It is used to separate acetone and water from their mixture.
IV. It is based on the principle of repeated cooling and condensation of vapours by providing surface for the vapours.
A I only
B III and IV only
C I and II only
D I and III only