PASSAGE AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS
Socks are an item of clothing that we commonly wear on our feet. We might wear them to keep our feet warm or to stop them rubbing when we walk, or simply as a fashion accessory. Today, most socks are knitted with natural or synthetic fibres and can often be brightly coloured or patterned. However, humans have worn socks for millennia and they have evolved during this time.
The first known 'socks' are probably those worn by the ancient Greeks, who were wearing socks made of matted animal hair in the 8th century B.C. By the 2nd century A.D., the Romans were wearing woven socks that were sewn up and pulled over the foot. Although perhaps used by only the elite, they were used in much the same way as we do when we put on our socks. The oldest pair of knitted socks reported was found in Denmark as is thought to be from 1500 B.C. However, the oldest pair that still exists, dates back to the 3rd - 6th century A.D. and was found in Egypt. This pair of socks has an unusual division so that the toes could be separated, and the socks worn with sandals. Today, most socks keep the toes together, but some designed specially to separate toes. These toe-separating socks are popular amongst long distance runners as they can prevent blisters forming easily and allow more area to circulate around the toes.
Long socks, which are also called stockings, became popular in the 12th century across Europe. These were tied up at the top around the knee area. However, in the 16th century the knitting machine was invented and the fabric that was knitted could have a denser weave, meaning that these garters were no longer required. Generally, these would have been worn by men and not women. They can be seen wearing them in portraits of the time whereas women would wear floor length dresses. As time passed and fashions changed, these long socks became more commonly worn by women. It was only when men's trousers became long, and their socks shortened, that socks became socks and were no longer referred to as stockings. The invention in America of nylon in 1938 made it possible to make socks that were more stretchy and comfortable, so now, socks are often made with a nylon blend.
Depending on where you live in the world, socks may be more or less popular to wear. This might be related to the climate, or the fashion. Their design and length also vary from place to place. In Japan, decorated socks adorned with cartoon characters are popular and sold in shops dedicated to selling socks and only socks. There are also ways to modernise your sock wearing and sock buying. Now, you can have a constant supply of new socks selected for you and delivered to your home. This 'sockscription' is for those with busy lifestyles and not enough time to waste on sock buying.
Choose the best title or heading for the passage.
A Trodden on for centuries
B The best socks are the red sox
C The newest types of sock
D Effortless ways to cover your feet