PASSAGE AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS
Socks are an item of clothing that we commonly wear on our feet. We might wear them to keep our feet warm or to stop them rubbing when we walk, or simply as a fashion accessory. Today, most socks are knitted with natural or synthetic fibres and can often be brightly coloured or patterned. However, humans have worn socks for millennia and they have evolved during this time.
The first known 'socks' are probably those worn by the ancient Greeks, who were wearing socks made of matted animal hair in the 8th century B.C. By the 2nd century A.D., the Romans were wearing woven socks that were sewn up and pulled over the foot. Although perhaps used by only the elite, they were used in much the same way as we do when we put on our socks. The oldest pair of knitted socks reported was found in Denmark as is thought to be from 1500 B.C. However, the oldest pair that still exists, dates back to the 3rd - 6th century A.D. and was found in Egypt. This pair of socks has an unusual division so that the toes could be separated, and the socks worn with sandals. Today, most socks keep the toes together, but some designed specially to separate toes. These toe-separating socks are popular amongst long distance runners as they can prevent blisters forming easily and allow more area to circulate around the toes.
Long socks, which are also called stockings, became popular in the 12th century across Europe. These were tied up at the top around the knee area. However, in the 16th century the knitting machine was invented and the fabric that was knitted could have a denser weave, meaning that these garters were no longer required. Generally, these would have been worn by men and not women. They can be seen wearing them in portraits of the time whereas women would wear floor length dresses. As time passed and fashions changed, these long socks became more commonly worn by women. It was only when men's trousers became long, and their socks shortened, that socks became socks and were no longer referred to as stockings. The invention in America of nylon in 1938 made it possible to make socks that were more stretchy and comfortable, so now, socks are often made with a nylon blend.
Depending on where you live in the world, socks may be more or less popular to wear. This might be related to the climate, or the fashion. Their design and length also vary from place to place. In Japan, decorated socks adorned with cartoon characters are popular and sold in shops dedicated to selling socks and only socks. There are also ways to modernise your sock wearing and sock buying. Now, you can have a constant supply of new socks selected for you and delivered to your home. This 'sockscription' is for those with busy lifestyles and not enough time to waste on sock buying.
Socks are popular ___________.
A because they are easy to buy
B only in cold places
C with young modern people
D all around the world
PASSAGE AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS
READ THE PASSAGE AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS THAT FOLLOW.
Tourism has emerged as the world's largest industry. Growing rapidly in the last two decades, today it accounts for 6% of world output and employs some 100 million people around the globe.
Tourism-the travel-based recreationprovides people with a change of place and a break from the monotony of daily life. It brings people of different nations together, allowing them to come into close contact with each other's customs and other aspects of life. It reveals the scenic beauty and past heritage of a country to people belonging to other nations. The knowledge and experience gained in the process can lead to greater understanding and tolerance, and can even foster world peace. The contribution of tourism can be nowhere seen more clearly than on the economic front. A study conducted by the United Nations has shown that developing countries, in particular, can reap tremendous benefits out of tourism and greatly boosts their national income.
Tourism generates employment and adds to the entrepreneurial wealth of a nation. While tourism's advantages are many its undesirable side-effects have raised fresh problems.
Tourism can cause social, cultural or environmental disruptions. One of the greatest concerns is its damage to the environment. In order to attract more tourists, sprawling resorts are built which take neither the local architectural styles nor the ecology into consideration. Natural systems come to be destroyed as a result of indiscriminate construction to provide water and waste disposal facilities and recreational arrangements to tourists. Overuse of environmental wealth disturbs the ecological balance.
Damage is most in wildlife parks which remain the foremost sites of tourist attraction. Tourist vans and the visitor's feet destroy the ground vegetation, thus affecting the feeding habits of the animals and the landscape as well. Overcrowding brings about congestion, leading to environmental and health hazards.
The Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the world, has suffered a lot of wear and tear from trampling feet of tourists. Some sociocultural effects of tourism have been damaging. Tourism often ushers in new life styles; arrangements as desired by tourists are provided in order to make them feel at home. The emergence of this 'other' culture in various places has caused dissatisfaction among the local people. The concern is that the local people tend to imitate the foreign values, breaking away from their own traditions. To promote safe tourism while ensuring that it remains a profitable industry it is imperative to understand the factors that hamper the growth of tourism and check them effectively.
General instability of the nation is damaging to tourism prospects. Political disturbances, in particular, pose a serious problem. The growing violence in the international scene and increasing threat of terrorism affects the flow of tourists. Countries like Sri Lanka have been a victim to terrorist threats for long and have therefore suffered setbacks in tourism.
Whatever the problems, India must work hard to reap the benefits from this industry, for the country has everything to attract visitors from far and wide.
Give an appropriate title to the passage.
A Emergence of the World's Largest Industry
B The Sociocultural Effects of Tourism on the Environment
C Tourism - A Boon or a Bane
D The Growth of Eco-tourism
CHOOSE THE CORRECT OPTION TO COMPLETE EACH SENTENCE.
I didn't know that the seating in the gym area was _______, when it is folded away there is a lot more space.
CHOOSE THE PART OF THE SENTENCE THAT HAS AN ERROR.
In such a complex situation as this mistakes will be bound to happen occasionally.
A In such a complex situation
B as this mistakes
C will be bound
D to happen occasionally.
Please explain how is B the answer
Read the given diary entry and
answer the questions that follow :
Today was a sad day. Kooky, my squirrel ran away. One moment he was there, but the next moment he was gone!
I saw some of the other squirrels call to him from the tree outside and he ran to them. I think he was missing them. Mother was happy, so was granny. They said squirrels belonged to the open air, not to the buildings. I shall miss him. I'll keep some fruits for him outside, in case he gets hungry. Perhaps he'll come back some day. I don't think I'll recognise him, though. All squirrels look so similar! More tomorrow -
Why did Kooky run away?
A He wanted his mother.
B He wanted to play.
C He missed his friends.
D He wanted to climb trees.
correct ans is C