User Forum

Subject :IEO    Class : Class 7

Read the passage and answer the question that follow.

Some virus experts might not consider viruses to be alive. Yet viruses can reproduce. To do so, they hijack the cells of a host. They borrow the "machinery" in the host's cells to copy the virus' genetic code. Those host cells may spit out hundreds or thousands - even millions - of copies of the original virus. These new viruses then go on to infect more cells. Maybe the host will also sneeze out the viruses or otherwise release some to infect other potential hosts. And those hosts might be anything from people or plants to bacteria.
But each time a virus is copied, there's some risk the host's cell will make one or more errors in the genetic code of that virus. These are known as mutations. Each new one alters the genetic blueprint of the virus a bit. Mutant viruses are known as variants of the original.
Many mutations won't affect how a virus works. Some might be bad for the virus. Others might improve how well the virus can infect a cell, or help the virus evade its host's immune system. A mutation might even allow the virus to resist the effects of some therapy. Scientists refer to such new-and-improved variants as strains.
And although coronavirus variants made news throughout much of the COVID-19 pandemic, any virus runs the risk of spawning new variants through mutation.
Indeed, mutations are one basis of evolution. Mutationsthat don't benefit an organism (or virus), often die out. But those that make an organism more fit - better adapted to its environment - tend to become more dominant.
Scientists refer to some new versions of the coronavirus as "variants of concern". Compared to the original virus, these variants might infect or spread between people more easily, respond less well to treatments or impair how well vaccines work against the virus. A more serious class of viruses are so-called "variants of high consequence".
Treatments or precautions work far less well against these viruses than they had against earlier forms of the virus. For instance, the new variants might resist current vaccines. They may not show up well in current tests. They might even ause more severe disease.

Choose the best title or heading for the passage.

AVirus-Variants and Strains
BVirus Mutations
CCovid-19 Pandemic
DVariants of Concern

Why not B?

Post Your Answer