• Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft. Each family caters to a certain sector of the computing industry. Active Windows families include Windows NT and Windows Embedded.
  • Windows 7 (codenamed Vienna, formerly Blackcomb) is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft. It is a part of the Windows NT family of operating systems. Windows 7 was released to manufacturing on July 22, 2009 and became generally available on October 22, 2009, less than three years after the release of its predecessor, Windows Vista.
  • Start Menu � The Start Menu provides the primary access point for programs and applications on your computer.
    1. On the left
      • Applications and Documents Shortcuts � The �Pinned� applications are listed at the top above the divider line. The recently used applications are listed under the divider line.
      • Start Menu Search � The application/document search box can be found near the bottom of the Start menu. This search box is a great way to quickly find applications without hunting through the programs list.
      • All Programs � Clicking the All Programs link will open up a list of the available application shortcuts
      • Addtional Features of the Start Menu
        1. Application Pinning � Applications icons can be �pinned� to the top of the Start Menu or to the Taskbar by right clicking the application in the All Programs, Start Menu or Taskbar, and selecting the �Pin to Taskabar� or the �Pin to Start Menu� menu item.
        2. Jump Lists � Right-click a program in the taskbar to find and perform most common functions associated with that specific application. Jump list also acts as a history of each application.
        3. Quick Peek � Hover the mouse over any program on the taskbar to preview any open windows using that program.
    2. On the right
      • Computer Shortcuts � includes shortcuts to user documents, pictures, music and to the computer file system.
      • Shutdown button � also includes other options for Restart, Sleep, Hibernate, Lock, Log Off, and Switch User via the arrow icon on the button.
      • Control panel � provides access to operating system control and customization features.
      • Devices and Printers � provides access to installed devices (printers, cameras, scanners, etc.).
      • Run � provides a method to quickly execute a command line.
  • Taskbar and Notification Area � The Taskbar contains 3 main components:
    1. Start button: The Start Menu provides the primary access point for programs and applications on your computer.
    2. Task/Quicklaunch bar:This bar contains shortcut icons to applications that are �pinned� to the Taskbar or applications that are actively running on your Computer. A grey box will appear around any application that is actively running
    3. System Notification Area: System Notification Area � Some applications run unseen in the background on your computer. Many of these applications will provide a tool icon in the System Notification Area to assist a user in changing the configuration of the computer.
  • Windows Snipping Tool � Windows Vista, and above, operating system is equipped with an application called the Snipping Tool. The Snipping Tool can be used to capture any part of the visible screen and save the capture as an image file or copy and paste the capture into a document or email to share with others.
  • Displaying to a External Monitor or Projector � Computer is equipped with one or more external display connectors so that you may connect to an external monitor or the multimedia projector.
  • Using Local Area Networks (LAN/WiFi) � Laptops are configured to access both wired and wireless network resources.
  • Windows Explorer Favorites � File system favorites are quick links to specific directories (folders) located on your hard drive. Favorites function much like web bookmarks do in your browsers. To access your file system favorites, open any Windows Explorer window, like Computer, and look in the left hand pane.
  • Windows Explorer Libraries � Libraries are an easy way to collect and track documents on your computer that are related to one another but are not necessarily located in the same directories (folders).
  • Windows Defender:It is an application which helps protect your computer against pop-ups, slow performance and security threats that are caused by spyware and other malware, by detecting and removing these threats from your computer.
    On of the most common behavior of Windows Defender is that if it detects a third-party antivirus software, then Windows Defender will shut itself off. Windows is designed to detect the presence of security software installed, and we often we get to see the notification in the Action Center.
  • Speech recognition is the inter-disciplinary sub-field of computational linguistics that develops methodologies and technologies that enables the recognition and translation of spoken language into text by computers.

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